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L-Imnarja: Top Festivities during Malta's Oldest Feast

An image of the Buskett Gardens in Malta, where many festivities take place during L-Imnarja.

The Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, celebrated on June 29th, holds special significance in Malta, where it is known as "L-Imnarja." This traditional Maltese festival combines ancient pagan customs with Christian observances, creating a unique and vibrant celebration that highlights the island's rich cultural heritage.

What are the historical roots of L-Imnarja in Malta?

"L-Imnarja" is one of the oldest feasts celebrated on the Maltese Islands, dating back to the Roman period. The name "L-Imnarja" is derived from the Italian word "Luminaria," meaning "illumination," referring to the bonfires that were traditionally lit during the festival.

The feast honors Saints Peter and Paul, two of the most significant figures in Christianity:

This mosaic of these apostles, Saint Peter and Saint Paul with Our Lord is from the front of the basilica of St Paul outside the Walls in Rome.

  • Saint Peter: One of Jesus Christ's twelve apostles, Peter is considered the first pope and is credited with establishing the Christian Church. He was martyred in Rome under Emperor Nero.

  • Saint Paul: Originally known as Saul of Tarsus, Paul was a key figure in the spread of Christianity. After converting to Christianity, he became a missionary, authoring many epistles in the New Testament. He was also martyred in Rome.

What festivities take place in Malta during L-Imnarja?

  1. Bonfires and Festive Meals: Bonfires, once used for illumination, continue to be a symbolic part of "L-Imnarja." Families and communities gather around these fires to celebrate with feasts, prominently featuring rabbit dishes, which are a Maltese specialty. This communal dining fosters a sense of unity and tradition among participants.

  2. Agricultural Fairs and Exhibitions: One of the central features of "L-Imnarja" is the agricultural fair held in Buskett Gardens, a lush area near the Verdala Palace in Siggiewi. Here, local farmers showcase their produce, livestock, and crafts. This exhibition highlights the island’s agricultural heritage and provides a platform for farmers to display their best products.

  3. Horse and Donkey Races: Buskett Gardens also hosts exciting horse and donkey races, a longstanding tradition that draws spectators from all over the island. These races add a competitive spirit to the festivities and are eagerly anticipated by both participants and onlookers.

  4. Traditional Music and Dancing: Folk music and traditional Maltese dancing are integral parts of the celebration. The sound of "għana," traditional Maltese folk music, fills the air as performers entertain crowds with their rhythmic tunes and expressive dances, preserving the island's cultural traditions.

Maltese people celebrating with music during the feast of Saint Paul and Saint Peter


"L-Imnarja" is a testament to Malta's rich cultural tapestry, blending ancient traditions with Christian faith. The L-Imnarja festivities in Malta provide a glimpse into the island's heritage, offering unique experiences that distinguish Malta's celebration of the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul from other Christian countries. Whether you are drawn by the agricultural displays, the lively races, or the communal feasts, "L-Imnarja" is a vibrant and unforgettable celebration of Maltese identity.

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